When Stars Collide: LIGO and Gravitational Wave Astronomy

Binary black holes generating gravitational waves. Image credit: Image Credit: K. Thorne (Caltech), T. Carnahan (NASA GSFC). Source: http://lisa.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/binary-wave.html

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is an ambitious project. The experiment is designed to detect and characterize gravitational waves generated by energetic and massive events in the cosmos. What’s more, as LIGO has two stations situated 3000 kilometres (1870 miles) apart, through triangulation, the location of a star collision or black hole event can be deduced in the sky. Completed two years ago, LIGO has been taking data ever since and the time has now come to begin analysing the results, seeing if the theoretical gravitational wave can actually be observed, bringing us into a new era of astronomy, gravitational wave astronomy

Much like ripples in a space-time pond, gravitational waves are expected to propagate throughout the universe. They are created by any massive object, oscillating, orbiting or colliding, any motion that disturbs the fabric of space-time. Gravitational waves are a consequence of Einsteins general theory of relativity, and should they be detected, a direct observation of a fluctuation in space-time will have been discovered. This is where projects such as LIGO are needed.

So far, astronomers can observe electromagnetic radiation (be it optical, infra-red, X-ray or ultraviolet) and have done since Galileo Galilei’s conception of the telescope in the 17th Century. Present day, we have a whole host of observatories (Earth-based and space-borne) detecting this electromagnetic radiation, probing deep into the Suns atmosphere, seeing through stellar clouds, observing proto-stars and even detecting the faint microwave background radiation created by the Big Bang echoing around the cosmos.

To complement electromagnetic astronomy, we now have neutrino detectors, located deep underground to avoid contamination by cosmic rays and other ambient radiation. Neutrinos very weakly interact with matter, making them notoriously hard to detect. The only practical way to detect these ghostly particles is to create a very big target – in this case millions of gallons of fluid (water or some other reactive agent). As the neutrinos hit the target, a few may interact with the fluid molecules, generating a flash of Cherenkov radiation. Neutrinos are an important part of observing the conditions inside our Sun and also, due to the entire Universe being bathed in neutrinos, hold a vast quantity mass and therefore a source of dark matter.

Now, scientists hope to begin a new type of astronomy, adding to electromagnetic and neutrino observations: the observation of gravity, more precisely, the detection of gravitational waves as they ripple through space-time.

Two white dwarf stars colliding. Image credit: NASA

In a new report by Maria Alessandra Papa, results from the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) are reviewed, and generally the data is very exciting. The LIGO system has surpassed all sensitivity expectations. Having just completed a fifth science run, LIGO and other associated detectors have been pooling their data in the hope of detecting compact binary systems (a compact binary white dwarf star system is visualized by this superb NASA animation – gravitational waves included). LIGO is sensitive to waves of between 50 Hz and 1500 Hz, the expected frequency range of such a system.

The two LIGO installations in Washington and Louisiana are approximately 3000 km apart, and both are in an L-shaped configuration. Each “leg” of the L is 4 km long, encasing an ultra high vacuum where lasers can pass unhindered. Interferometers at the L joint are targeted by the lasers. Interferometery is a technique to compare the phase of two waves and to understand what conditions may affect the nature of the light if the phase changes. As LIGO has such a long baseline (i.e. a long distance for the laser to travel), any changes in the laser will be amplified at the interferometer. In the case of a gravitational wave, should it propagate through local space, the laser light will be influenced, changing the signal at the detector. In theory, as a gravitational wave travels through a LIGO laser, its path will be varied (after all, even laser photon paths can be effected by a ripple in space-time), creating an interferometer signal.

LIGO sensitivity during its 5th science run. The black solid curve shows. Image credit: Maria Alessandra Papa

Gravitational waves travel at the speed of light, so once a signal is picked up by one LIGO station, it will be a matter of milliseconds before it is received at the second station 3000 km away. Also, as there are two stations, triangulation may be used to derive the location of the gravitational disturbance.

But there’s a catch. This is all very well and good in theory, but we are not entirely sure what the signature of a gravitational wave looks like, so much more data will need to be acquired before a pattern may begin to form. According to Papa, two years of data acquisition will increase the volume of the gravitational Universe that we can observe by a factor of eight. After six years, this will increase to a factor of 1000. The data collected so far, although encouraging, does not challenge our understanding of the cosmos quite yet as we simply don’t have enough data to understand what a gravitational wave looks like, let alone whether it was generated by a black hole, binary system or a supernova. If in six years, definitive proof of a gravitational wave has not been found, we may have to re-think the nature of gravitational waves and go back to the space-time textbooks…

Reference:
Progress towards Gravitational Wave Astronomy, M. Alessandra Papa, 2008, arXiv:0802.0936v1

Further Reading:
Listening for Gravitational Waves to Track Down Black Holes – Universe Today

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12 responses to “When Stars Collide: LIGO and Gravitational Wave Astronomy

  1. I found this article to be very useful in the understanding of gravitational wave astronomy. All new space exploration projects are ambitious in nature and rely hoping their theory can be proved right.
    Hope LIGO comes up with exciting news about the space.

    Vanessa @ Future Trends in Astronomy

  2. Pingback: The Crab Pulsar is Probed By LIGO. Is it Really a Smooth Neutron Star? | astroengine.com

  3. Pingback: Gravitational Wave Theory Takes Another Knock | astroengine.com

  4. FOURTH THEORY OF ASTRONOMY GRACELIANA. Author – Ancelmo Graceli Luiz.
    Brazilian, professor, theoretical researcher, graduated philosophy.

    THEORY OF ASTRONOMY Of the PROPORTIONALITY OF ORBITS For the ROTATION
    And EQUATORIAL SPEED.

    E IRREGULARITIES OF ORBITS And ROTATION For The ENERGY DISINTEGRATION.

    OF THE ALMOST NOTHING EVERYTHING CAN APPEAR – EXCEPT GOD. THEREFORE He
    is ONLY the ABSOLUTE One.

    References.

    Ancelmoluizgraceli@hotmail.com
    Tel. 27- 32167566 Street Itabira, nº 5, Itapemirim Set, Rose of the
    Penha, Cariacica, -269, E.S. cep.29143 Brazilian, professor,
    graduation in philosophy and theoretical researcher. Published books
    ASTRONOMY, and WORLD Of the PHYSICAL INTERACTIONS.

    Collaborator – Marcio Piter Rangel.

    Presented work the SECT- Spirit Brazil Saint. E the Brazilian Society
    of Physics. Introduction published in the WEB for the Vestibule Brazil
    Factor – Channel Profile. In day 30.01.2008. If other theories with
    beddings and you formulate had had acceptance, why these will not
    have? Therefore, it possesss all the beddings and all the forms of
    calculations, and that the reality and the comment until today reached
    are confirmed with. With more than one hundred and ten formulas, the
    most varied forms of if calculating one same phenomenon, with more
    than two hundred beddings in all the areas of the modern physics.
    Also, with new forecasts inside of cosmology and astronomy.

    Presented the Magazine of Education of the SBFISICA. Soced. Bras. de
    Física. Brazilian Journal of Physics – SBFISICA.

    The work will be complemented with.

    1-A theory of the estruturante fluxonário universe and cosmofísica
    graceliana. 2-Teoria of graceliana astronomy of energeticidade and
    maser. 3-Teoria of alternancidade astronomy and variance. 4-Teoria of
    astronomy of the origin, rotation, removal and progression. 5-Teoria
    of astronomy of fisicidade, disintegration and reintegration. General
    6-Teoria for astronomy and cosmo. 7-Teoria of the microphysics and
    chemistry. 8-Teoria of the general unit.

    CALCULATIONS OF ORBITS FOR THE ROTATION OR EQUATORIAL SPEED.

    ON the MOON.

    RELATION BETWEEN SPEED OF TRANSLATION WITH IO JUPITER SATELLITE.

    The Moon for being produced by one astro with little energy, in the
    case the Land, it possesss dezessete times little speed of translation
    of that Io – Jupiter satellite, a time that Jupiter possesss greater
    diameter of that the Land. Therefore both are almost to the same
    distancia of its elementary schools, in the case Io de Jupiter and the
    Moon of the Land. It also has of if considering that Io is a satellite
    more energy of that the Moon, exactly Jupiter being older of the one
    than the land, therefore still conserve tectônicas activities, these
    activities already had been observed by by telescope.

    Io possesss much more energy, maser, atmosphere of that the Moon for
    being been produced for a planet – Jupiter – with much more energy of
    that the Land. This if confirms in the relation enters the dynamic
    between the two planets.

    Io also possesss approximately the same diameter of the Moon.

    Diameter Moon 3470 quilometro. Speed of Translation Moon 1,03 km/seg.
    Io 3650 quilometro. Speed of Io Translation 17,4 Km/seg.

    Distancia of its Io Elementary schools – 420,000 quilometros.
    Lua-384.000 quilometros.

    Rotation – Io possesss a bigger rotation 16,44 times of the one than
    the Moon, or either, almost the same difference of that the
    translation. This all confirms the displayed one until here that the
    rotation, as the translation and the removal is produced by the energy
    and maser of astro. Here if it confirms with clarity that has a direct
    relation between the dynamic.

    TO BE CONFIRMED.

    That Io possesss a bigger atmosphere 10 times of the one than the Moon
    By that is confirmed with the difference of its dynamic.

    Io possesss a magnetic activity, electric conduction, seismic
    activity, atmosphere, bigger tectônica activity ten times of the one
    than the moon. This already was proven for the experience. What it
    confirms displayed for the difference in the dynamic and the orbits.

    ECCENTRICITY And INCLINATION Of the MOON.

    The Moon possesss a orbital inclination of 5,9 degrees in relation to
    the ecliptic, and an eccentricity of 0.05 degrees, and this confirms
    the relation with the translacional speed and rotation, or either,
    little dynamics and great irregularity in the inclinations of the
    orbit and the rotation, and with great eccentricity.

    As it was displayed above, the Land is finishes it planet to produce
    satellite until today, therefore the Land was produced by the Sun when
    the same already if it found in a phase of little production of
    energy, we see that the Moon produces little maser and no tectônica
    activity, while Io produces great activity tectônica. Why Io was
    produced by a planet with much energy and intense maser, therefore it
    is very bigger of the one than the Land, therefore that the rotation
    and translation of the Moon are 17 lesser times of that Io. and a very
    bigger eccentricity, and a bigger inclination of the one than of Io.
    Or either, the elementary school produces the energy in the secondary
    one that it goes to produce the phenomena.

    Thus, the inclination and eccentricity of the satellites are always
    next or bigger of the values of its elementary schools.

    E with the Moon and Io if confirms displayed previously, that the how
    much bigger energy and maser, greaters here will be the dynamics, the
    stability and the perfection of the circularidade of the orbit, and
    minor the eccentricity and the inclination of the translation and the
    rotation. E vice versa.

    We will see that the satellites of the planets most distant and next
    to its elementary schools will have greaters rotations and translation
    and minors eccentricity and rotational and translacional inclination.
    E that occurs in the proportionality of the life time and of
    diâmetros that represent its energy and maser.

    This if confirms with the satellites of all the planets.

    PRINCIPLE OF THE PROPORTIONALITY OF THE RATIO BETWEEN THE PHENOMENA.

    The POSITION, the DISTANCIA And REMOVAL DEPENDS On the ENERGY Of the
    ASTRO.

    The ratio enters the removal of the astros is increasing with the
    removal, where most distant they magnify the removal, for that the
    ratio of the distancias is always increasing. However, the removal
    depends on the energy in the processing of its production, and the
    proper energy represented for the diameter, for that it has the
    removal peaks, as the diameter of astro with its neighbor. This
    difference if confirms between Tritão and Nereida, two satellites of
    Neptune, where the difference of removal between the two is enormous,
    compared with satellites of planets next to the Sun.

    The ratio of the distancias suffers to increasing peak as astro goes
    producing its dynamics and its removal, this if it confirms between
    Titã and Réia of Saturn, Febe and Jupet of Saturn, between Titânia
    and Umbriel

    of Uranus, and between the Planets Jupiter and Mars. E between
    ganimedes and Europe de Jupiter.

    Therefore ganimedes has the double of the diameter of Europe and the
    double of the distancia. Or either, the energy of astro determines its
    position in the space, therefore with more diameter it will have
    greater energy, greater rotation, greater removal of its elementary
    school.

    The same it happens with Titânia and Umbriel Uranus satellites,
    therefore the ratio of the diameter is two times, or either, and the
    ratio of the distancia between the two satellites is 1,8, while the
    others with next ratios of diameter, and the ratios of the distancias
    also are minimum.

    The theory of the gravitation does not make mention to the position of
    the distancia for the diameter, that represents the energy and the
    time of construction of astro and its action of removal of astro next
    – neighboring -, and that this influences in the position and
    distancia of astro in the space.

    The translation speed enters these astros also folloies approximately
    in a value of ratio between neighboring astros. We see that the
    translation difference is bigger between bigger diâmetros and
    position. The same it happens with the rotation, the inclinations, the
    eccentricity, and all the other physical and structural phenomena, as
    achatamento of astro, atmosphere, tectônica activity, etc.

    The Saturn satellites if had moved away less from the one than of
    Jupiter for being lesser of diameter and with little energy.

    The skips of removal and position for the skip of diameter between the
    planets, satellites and comets confirm the theory of the
    energeticidade and maser.

    E as in Jupiter that has a bigger interval of Mars removal, for being
    Jupiter with bigger diameter, the same happens between Titã and Réia
    of Saturn, that is four times bigger. Between Febe and Jupet, and
    ganimedes and Europe, and Titânia and Umbriel de Urano. This
    difference also enters the ratios is present in asteroids and comets.

    GENERAL COMMENT OF THE THEORY.

    The same it happens with the translation speed where the difference of
    the ratio is bigger in the astros that a difference of diameter keeps,
    as it is the case enters the displayed Saturn satellites above, and
    between Jupiter and Mars. For that it has it an enormous difference
    enters the speed of translation of Jupiter and Mars, therefore exactly
    bigger Jupiter being that Mars it had more time if moving away from
    the sun, diminishing gradually influences it received for the sun in
    the origin of the translation. For that it has a bigger ratio twenty
    times in the diameter, three times and stocking in the removal, two
    times lesser in the speed of translation of Jupiter for Mars, two
    times and bigger way in the rotation. This confirms the displayed one
    until, that the translation has an origin for the elementary school
    and diminishes gradually, until proper astro co-ordinating all
    dynamics and translation, rotation and removal here if it is
    equivalent as the energy that the same produces. This confirmation if
    approaches for distant Pluto, asteroids, comets and distant
    satellites, where rotation, translation and removal if are equivalent
    in its values. We have the reason has a skip in the ratio of the
    translation, removal, rotation, eccentricity and inclinations of orbit
    and rotation here.

    This difference of ratio also remains in the eccentricity and
    inclination, and is increasing with the removal.

    THUS WE HAVE,

    1 it question of skips in the ratio enters the phenomena in
    agreement its energy and diameter,

    2-e the increasing ratio of removal, orbital and rotational
    inclination, and in agreement eccentricity astro goes being old and
    burning its energy. That it depends on the time of life and the energy
    of astro, represented for the diameter.

    The Jupiter satellites are approximately five compared bigger times
    with the ones of Saturn, for that they in average are two times more
    distant of the ones of Saturn, if compared with the ones of Jupiter.

    The translation of the satellites diminishes as the removal of the
    planet to the sun and diameter of the planet. Or either, the energy
    that it conserves depends on the energy who formed it, for that the
    Saturn satellites possesss greater translation of that of Uranus,
    exactly being the same distancia and with the same diameter.

    PRINCIPLE OF THE PROPORTIONALITY.

    Orbit of Quíron – the principle of the proportionality is also
    confirmed in the Quíron asteroid, therefore for its extensive removal
    of the Sun, it it develops the biggest inclination of orbit and the
    biggest eccentricity.

    It is confirmed in asteroids EROS, with eccentricity of 0.83 degrees,
    Quiron, hidalgo, and others. Also in comets, that the distancia of the
    Sun is not the basic one for the thread of astro in the space, but yes
    its energy and maser represented for its diameter.

    As already it was since the removal and position that it marks
    distanciam of the elementary school depend on the energy of astro.

    E the inclinations and eccentricities depend on the energy of the same
    ones, therefore lesser and more distant asteroids, comets and
    satellites of its elementary schools possess the biggest inclinations
    and eccentricities. E the biggest planets the lesser eccentricities
    and inclinations and the set of the dynamic – translation, rotation,
    and removal also folloies the energy of astro.

    The RELATION BETWEEN GANIMEDES OF JUPITER And TITÃ OF SATURN.

    GANIMEDES has a diameter 5,250 km, and TITÃ has a 5,800 diameter km.

    Ganimedes if finds to a distancia of 1.070.000 km of the elementary
    school. TITÃ if finds to a distancia 1.222.000 km of the elementary
    school.

    Ganimedes has a 10.9 speed km/s. Titã has a speed of 5.6 km /s.

    E the difference enters the diâmetros of Jupiter and Saturn is
    minimum.

    Soon one concludes that if the gravitation had some influences on the
    translation speed the difference of the translation between the two
    would be minimum and it would not be approximately the double. With
    this if it concludes that all dynamics depends on the energy of astro,
    and if Jupiter is new of the one than Saturn, then its satellite also
    is new, also considering that while ganimedes is the third Jupiter
    satellite, Titã is the seventh Saturn satellite. Soon, titã is older
    and spent more energy, with this develops little speed of translation.
    For that the difference of the translation speed is the double.

    While for the theory of the gravitation it would have to be equivalent
    in the values.

    We see here that the distancia with the diameter did not influence in
    the translation speed, but yes, the time of life and the energy
    represented for the diameter.

    This confirms the theory of the energeticidade and maser.

    RELATION BETWEEN SECONDARY ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS And.

    The diameter and the removal of the secondary ones vary as the
    diameter of the elementary school and its time of life.

    RELATION OF SPEED OF IN AGREEMENT TRANSLATION BETWEEN SATELLITES the
    DISTANCIAMENTO, TIME OF LIFE And DIAMETER OF ITS ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS.

    One confirms that the value of the Jupiter diameter is next to the one
    of Saturn, and Jupiter with its satellites five times the distancia of
    the ones of Saturn, three times the diameter of the ones of Saturn and
    the values of the translation speed if approach.

    With this if it concludes that it is not the distancia and some force
    that acts on astro, but yes the proper energy of exactly.

    OTHER TOPICS.

    The distancia one marks the time of life of astro, and diameter of the
    elementary school with its diameter and the distancia of the primary
    one marks the time of life and processed energy already and the energy
    still to be processed.

    MASER, ATMOSPHERE, RINGS, DISKS OF SPHERES And ASTROS.

    As well as Saturn and Uranus also it possesss rings, with speed of
    translation of more than twenty Km/s, and that Jupiter possesss a
    spiral atmosphere with translation and widening, next to its equator.
    This confirms that the translation of the secondary ones if originates
    from energy and maser of the elementary school, and that it has left
    of this maser if it transforms into rings next to the equator, and
    that it goes to esferificar itself, giving new beginning a secondary
    one. We see in Uranus rings that they more than develop a translation
    of twenty kilometers for second.

    E that the translation appears initially of proper the secondary one,
    and for that all secondary ones produce an orbit with little
    inclination and always next to the equator.

    To if distanciar of the elementary school, the secondary one goes to
    produce its proper dynamics, goes to give to beginning the tertiary
    ones that its energy and maser will initiate its in agreement
    translation.

    E will leave the axle of translation of the elementary school, having
    given beginning to a new system of astros, minors, slower and with
    more irregularities in its dynamics of translation, rotation and
    removal.

    The ORIGIN Of the SECONDARY Ones.

    The centrifuga action of the rotation and the magnetism of astro make
    with that its maser and atmosphere if dislocate for the equator, where
    go if form in atmosphere filaments and the future ring. Of rings
    cubical tablets of gases go to form themselves from there and the
    esferificação, of where it goes to form itself in secondary.

    For that the secondary ones possess a decreasing translation of the
    next ones for the last ones. E that the orbit always is next to the
    equator. With passing of the times, the energy diminishes and the
    astros start to produce its orbit and irregularities in the space.

    In the future probably we will have new astros and with new energies,
    therefore the process is constant.

    OTHER TOPICS.

    Secondary more moved away and the lesser ones are most irregular in
    its inclinations of orbit and rotation, and eccentricity. This if
    confirms, in the satellites most distant, asteroids and comets.

    RETROGRADE MOVEMENT.

    The satellite when very small very distant e tends to magnify its
    inclination and eccentricity gradually, and this type of inverted
    movement can be found in Saturn the Febe satellite. Therefore Febe
    possesss an inclination of orbit of 160 degrees and a great
    eccentricity. What it takes astro to develop the retrograde orbit is
    that it normally initiated its translation since its birth for its
    elementary school. Only that all astro that possesss little dimension
    and if finds of the elementary school it distant possesss little
    energy if processing, therefore it already spent great part of its
    energy, and thus, it starts to produce irregularities in its dynamics
    in the space. That he starts with an increasing irregularity until the
    retrograde movement.

    Uranus is a planet that walk of side, or either, the irregularities is
    bigger with the distanciamento, aging and reduction of energy
    production and maser.

    With enormous distancias of its elementary schools, astros small,
    tertiary, with little energy and aged will be astros with little
    dynamics, great distanciamentos, great eccentricities and inclinations
    and many with retrograde movements.

    ON SUPPOSED CAPTURE OF ASTROS FOR PLANETS.

    This does not exist, therefore all the astros are untied in the space,
    and it does not have this of field pulling for its orbit, and also by
    the maser the astros are moved away and not attracted, as it is
    thought today. E what it produces the orbits irregular is to little
    energy of proper astro to co-ordinate its dynamics, this happens with
    all distant small astros e of its elementary schools, then the small
    Saturn satellites had been never captured, but yes produced for
    Saturn.

    It can be compared that all distant astro small e possesss great
    irregularities in its dynamics, since the rotation, the translation
    and the removal.

    ON The SUPPOSED DENSITY Of the ASTROS.

    The density of the distant astros is a invencionice to give a
    proximity in the results for the translation speed that is calculated
    by the gravitation, however if badly we know the density of the Land,
    as we can know the density of distant planets.

    For that in my calculations, use diameter and temperature for being
    next to the reality.

    INCREASING RATIO OF PHENOMENA BETWEEN LESSER And DISTANT ASTROS.

    In the most distant and lesser ratio of the removal, inclinations and
    eccentricity are always bigger and increasing with the distanciamento
    and the reduction of the size of astro.

    The distancia and removal also are increasing, therefore with the
    energy reduction they start to produce orbits always more irregular.

    ON the REMOVAL OF SATELLITES.

    The Saturn satellites if had moved away less from its elementary
    school for being lesser and with little energy, while from Jupiter if
    they had moved away more, for being bigger and with more energy this
    confirms that the astros alem of the rotation and translation they
    move away as its production from energy.

    ON TRITÃO And ITS RETROGRADE MOVEMENT.

    TRITÃO is one of the giant satellites and possesss a great
    eccentricity and a orbital inclination of 160 degrees, considered one
    of the satellites that a retrograde movement for possessing so great
    has inclination in relation to the plan of the equator of Neptune.
    This only comes to contribute with the theory displayed until here.
    Therefore satellites of distant planets also possess great
    irregularities, exactly being a giant.

    NEREIDA, the SATELLITE OF BIGGER ECCENTRICITY.

    NEREIDA is another satellite of Neptune who possesss a great
    inclination of orbit of 28 degrees and one of the biggest
    eccentricities, with 0.75 degrees. This only comes to contribute with
    the theory of the energeticidade, of that distant planets, distant and
    old and small satellites produce great irregularities, and Nereida is
    the satellite with bigger eccentricity of the satellites until
    discovered here.

    NEREIDA also possesss a great removal of the neighboring satellite, in
    the Tritão case. Or either, the satellites most distant and of more
    distant planets are most irregular in its eccentricity and
    inclination.

    WHERE IF IT CONFIRMS DISPLAYED For the THEORY HERE the PROPOSAL. Where
    the REDUCTION Of The ENERGY PRODUCTION TAKES The INCREASING
    IRREGULARITIES Of the ASTROS.

    We see that Tritão and the Saturn satellite – febe possesss
    retrograde movement.

    Probably its rotation is minimum and with great inclination of
    rotation.

    Probably the more distant satellites of Pluto, minors and of it will
    be of bigger irregularities and with retrograde movements.

    ON The TITÃ ATMOSPHERE.

    Probably titã with its atmosphere will produce one fourth generation
    of astro. That it will be the first satellite with satellite.

    ON CHARON.

    Probably Charon, satellite of Pluto possesss a great eccentricity and
    orbital inclination.

    Funny Charon around Pluto in 6,39 days, that it is the same time that
    the planet leads to turn around its axle, keeping always same face one
    for the other. This if confirms in the displayed one until here, that
    the translation of the secondary one before starts exactly of the
    secondary one if to esferificar, or either, still as filaments and
    rings of atmosphere and maser of the elementary school, that with its
    rotation starts to transladar rings and filaments of atmosphere, until
    if esferificar. If esferificando it starts to produce this initial
    translation in rollback of the elementary school. To if moving away it
    starts to produce its proper translation.

    To if esferificar it starts to produce the proper rotation. With the
    time and removal this secondary one, goes to produce another secondary
    one, becoming a elementary school.

    As astro goes if distanciando and being without energy, it abandons
    the initial orbit, producing irregular and random orbital systems in
    the space. Always new with little less dynamic energy and and more
    irregularities of inclinations and eccentricities. This can be
    confirmed with asteroids and comets.

    NOMADIC And RANDOM ORBITS.

    That is a process that starts with little irregularity, it passes the
    stability and it returns the irregularity and great instabilidades and
    nomadic and random orbits.

    ACTION Of The EQUATORIAL SPEED Of the ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ON The INITIAL
    TRANSLATION Of the SECONDARY One.

    This if confirms enters the satellites of the planets, therefore with
    the same distancias the Uranus satellites less develop three times the
    period of revolution compared with the ones of Saturn. Therefore the
    equatorial Saturn speed is three times bigger of the one than of
    Uranus.

    the Saturn and Jupiter satellites are of 1,25 of period of bigger
    revolution for the Jupiter satellites for the same distancia,
    therefore the difference of the equatorial speed between the two is of
    1,25 greaters for Jupiter. As also the difference is next to the ratio
    one for diameter and rotation, and 1,3 for translation.

    It is good for standing out that the energy produces the rotation,
    that produces the equatorial speed that with the maser go to produce
    tran and the difference between slação of the secondary one. E the
    secondary one will be produced by the expelled material as form of
    maser of the elementary school. To if esferificar and becoming astro
    it goes to initiate its rotation, for whom secondary the very next
    ones possess little rotation, therefore still is starting to speed up
    itself rotationally. This if confirms in all the very next elementary
    schools.

    HERE WE HAVE FORCEFUL EXPLANATIONS OF ASTRONOMY.

    1 – the elementary school produces the secondary one that also it
    initiates its translation. Then we have here the beginning of the
    translation and the origin of astro.

    2 – because the tertiary one folloies the secondary one, and both
    follow the elementary school for the space. Therefore, in the
    beginning they had had an origin of the translation produced for the
    elementary school, to put, to if moving away and losing energy this
    secondary one, or tertiary it goes to leave the system full,
    therefore, he himself inside of the solar system already produces its
    proper dynamics, only that it are of the system, it more will not
    follow the elementary school for the space. This already happens with
    some comets and asteroids, that to the times enter inside of the solar
    system and leave without suffering and influence of action none of the
    Sun.

    3- why astro all very next to the elementary school possesss little
    rotation. Therefore still it is in formation and all its dynamics
    still is minimum.

    PRINCIPLE Of the ORIGIN Of the ASTRO And the DYNAMICS.

    Thus, we have here the beginning of astro, the beginning of the
    rotation and equatorial speed, of the translation.

    Thus, to if moving away it goes to produce its proper rotation and
    translation, and with its energy and maser he goes to produce new
    filaments of gases, from there new spheres, that with its equatorial
    speed go to produce the translation in new astro, and from there its
    esferificação and rotation.

    Before exactly of being sphere astro already possesss translation.

    It goes being moved away for the maser and temperature from the
    elementary school, and starts to produce its proper translation and
    rotation.

    For that a tertiary one folloies the translation of the secondary one,
    exactly this secondary one following the translation of the elementary
    school. To put with the removal it will tend to produce an orbit
    isolated, with other inclinations and eccentricities.

    To if distanciar it it will have little energy, and consequently less
    dynamic and more irregularities. TO SEE PRINCIPLE OF THE
    CIRCULARIDADE.

    The ENERGY DETERMINES And PRODUCES the DYNAMICS And the STABILITY In
    the ASTRO. THIS IF CONFIRMS DE JUPITER the TRITÃO.

    CALCULATION OF THE TRANSLATION FOR THE ROTATION OF THE PROPER ASTRO IN
    RELATION TO THE ROTATION OF THE LAND MULTIPLIED FOR FIVE. FOR EXTERIOR
    PLANETS.

    Jupiter – 2,3 * 5 = 13. Saturn – 2,1 * 5 = 10. Uranus – 1,1 * 5 = 5,5
    Neptune – 1 * 5 = 5. Pluto – 0,2 * 5=5.

    This relation between rotation and translation for planets, also are
    confirmed for the exterior satellites of Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus.

    ON URANUS.

    Uranus walks of side for possessing little energy and being initiating
    an orbit and rotation with great inclination.

    The trend is that in the future the astros are in greater number and
    slower and all with random and irregular orbits. E many reactionary. E
    that also does not follow the elementary schools for the space

    ON The URANUS ROTATION.

    Uranus possesss three times little diameter of that Jupiter and four
    times more of the one than the Land, and being older and with little
    energy, therefore the energy had more time spending, then the value of
    its rotation has that to come close itself to the value of the Land,
    being between twenty and twenty five hours.

    E this already was confirmed with the comment.

    The rotation of Neptune also is next to the Land.

    ASTEROIDS.

    ASTEROID ÍCARO possesss an eccentricity of 0.83 degrees and goes next
    Mercúrio and Mars, and in the perihelion it is the 28.000.000
    kilometers of the Sun, and in the aphelion it is the 307.000.000
    kilometers of the Sun. With this if it concludes that the orbit
    depends on the energy of astro, and not of the gravitation. Therefore
    astros minors produce orbits more irregular.

    ASTEROID HIDALGO, with a orbital period of 13.7 years, and an
    eccentricity of 0.67 degrees, and with a orbital inclination of 43
    degrees.

    QUÍRON possesss a orbital eccentricity of 0.379, and with a orbital
    inclination of 6.9 degrees.

    With this we evidence that the orbit is not determined by the
    gravitation of astro or the Sun, but yes for its energy, therefore
    approximately in the same distancia of the planets to the Sun very,
    the asteroids produce orbits irregular, for possessing little energy,
    and with a period of short while lesser revolution of that the
    planets.

    With this if it evidences that the astros are free and producing its
    proper dynamics.

    With this, the displayed one is confirmed until, of that astros small
    they possess little irregular dynamics and orbits, for produces little
    energy, and this here independe of the distancia of the Sun.

    CALCULATION OF SPEED OF TRANSLATION Of the SECONDARY One WITH the
    SPEED EQUATORIAL Of the ELEMENTARY SCHOOL MULTIPLIED WITH the DIAMETER
    And DIVIDED By the REMOVAL.

    It is GOOD FOR RELATING THAT The EQUATORIAL SPEED Of the ELEMENTARY
    SCHOOL INITIATES the TRANSLATION, AS the ENERGY, MASER, DIAMETER And
    ROTATION Of the ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.

    The DIAMETER REPRESENTS the ENERGY And MASER Of the SECONDARY One.

    The REMOVAL REPRESENTS the TIME OF LIFE And the EXPENSE OF ENERGY
    DURING THIS TIME.

    The EQUATORIAL SPEED Of the PLANET IN QUILOMETRO For the moment.

    The diameter is divided by 1.000.

    The removal is divided by 100.000 for satellites, comets and
    asteroids.

    The removal is divided by 100.000.000 for planets.

    SPEED OF TRANSLATION FOR THE EQUATORIAL SPEED OF THE ELEMENTARY
    SCHOOL. 1680/1000 = 1,68 equatorial speed of the Land. 3470/1000 =
    3,47 diameter of Moon 384,000/100,000 = 3,87 removal of the Moon in
    relation Land. Moon – 1,68 * 3,47/3,84 = 1,5 /2 = 0,75 km/s.

    For Jupiter satellites.

    Io – 45000/1000 = 45 3670/1000 = 3,67 420000/100000=4.2 45*3.67/ 4,2 =
    39,3 /2 = 19,5 km/segundo.

    Europe. 45000/1000=45
    2980/ 1000 = 2,98 671000/100000=6.71 45*2.98/ 6,71 = 19.9/2=10

    Ganimedes. 45000/1000 = 45 5250/1000=5.250 1.070.000/ 100000 =
    10 45*5.2/10.7=22/ 2 = 11

    Calisto. 45.000/1000=45
    4900/1000=4.9 1.884.000/100000 = 18,8 45*4.9/18.8=11.7 /2 = 6
    km/segundo.

    For the Saturn satellites.

    Satellite janus 37000/ 1000 = 37 quilometro/segundo. 300/ 1000 = 0,3
    159000/100000=1.59 37*0.3/1.59=7

    Titã 37 * 5.8/12.2 = 17.5

    ANOTHER FORM OF IF CALCULATING the TRANSLATION For the
    ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.

    To calculate planet orbit if it divides the distancia for 100 000 000.
    To calculate satellite orbit if it divides the distancia for 100 000.

    The equatorial speed if divides in such a way per 1000 in the
    calculation for planets how much for satellites. In quilometro for the
    moment.

    The diameter if divides in such a way per 1000 for calculation for
    planets how much for satellites.

    The formula is equatorial speed of distancia elementary school /1000 [
    diameter /1000 ]/[/for 100 000 000 for planets 1 ].

    Mercury.

    Equatorial speed of Sun for the moment = 60,000 km/s/1 000=60.
    Diameter of the planet = 4,500 quilometro/1 000 = 4.5.

    Distancia of the planet to the Sun. = 58.000 000
    quilometro/100.000.000. [ 1 ].

    60 4,5 /[0.58 1] = 41 quilometro for second.

    Venus. 60 8/[ 1,08 1 ] = 32,7 quilometro for second.

    Land = 60 12/[ 1,5 1 ] = 28.8. Mars = 60 6/[ 2,2 1 ] = 20.6. Jupiter =
    60 144/[ 7,8 1]=20. Saturn = 60 120/ [ 14 1 ] = 12. Uranus = 60 46/[
    28 1 ] = 3.6. Neptune = 60 45/ [ 45 1 ] = 2,3 Pluto = 60 6/ [ 59 1 ] =
    1.1

    TO CALCULATE the SPEED OF TRANSLATION Of the SATELLITES For
    The EQUATORIAL SPEED Of ITS RESPECTIVE PLANETS.

    Equatorial speed of the elementary school in quilometro for the moment
    divided by 1.000. The diameter of the satellite divided for 1.000. The
    distancia of the satellite of its elementary school divided for
    100.000 [ one hundred a thousand ]. Comment. For the 000 planets [ is
    100 000 one hundred million ].

    FORMULA.

    EQUATORIAL SPEED OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 1,000 DIAMETER OF SECONDARY/THE
    1,000/100,000 [ DISTANCIA/].

    FOR the SATELLITE Of the LAND, the MOON.

    Moon. [ 1680/1,000 ] [ 3,470/1,000 ]/[ 384.000/100.000 ] = 1,3
    km/second.

    FOR THE SATELLITES DE JUPITER.

    Equatorial Jupiter speed /1,000 diameter of distancia satellite
    /1,000/of satellite/100.000. Io. [ 45,000 /1,000 ] [ 3,650 /1,000 ]/[
    420.000/100.000]=11.5 km/segundo. Europe. 45 2,98/6,71 = 7,1
    quilometro for second. Ganimedes. 45 5,25/10,7 = 4.7. Calisto. 45
    4,9/18,8 = 2.6

    FOR THE SATURN SATELLITES.

    [ Equatorial Saturn speed/1,000 ] [ diameter of distancia
    satellite/1,000 ]/[ /100,000 ].

    JANUS. [ 37,000/1000 ] [ 300 /1000 ]/[ 159 000/100 000]=23.4 km per
    second. MIMAS. 37 0,4/1,86 = 20,1 quilometro for second. ENCÉLADO. 37
    0,6 /2,38 = 15.7. TÉTIS. 37 1. / 2,95 = 12,8 DIONÉIA 37 0,8 /3,77 =
    10 RÉIA 37 1 /5,27 = 7,2 TITÃ 37 5.8/12.2 = 4,3 HIPÉRION 37 0,4
    /14,8 = 2,5 JAPET. 37 1,6 /35,5 = 1. FEBE 37 0,2/129 = 0.28

    CALCULATION OF SPEED OF TRANSLATION FOR EQUATORIAL SPEED OF
    THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.

    FOR URANUS SATELLITES.

    The equatorial speed of elementary school for the moment/1,000 the
    diameter of satellite/1,000/of the distancia/of 100.000.

    MIRANDA – 13,7 0,24/1,3 = 10 quilometro for second
    ARIEL- 13,7 0,7/1,92 = 7,5 UMBRIEL – 13,7 0,5/2,67 = 5,3 TITÂNIA –
    13,7 1/4,38 = 3,3 0BERON – 13,7 0,9/5,86 = 2.3

    CALCULATION FOR TRITÃO, NEPTUNE SATELLITE, FOR EQUATORIAL
    SPEED FOR THE MOMENT.

    [ 9,000/1,000 ] [ 3,800 /1,000 ]/[ 340,000/100,000 ] = 9 3,8/3,2 = 4
    quilometro for second.

    CALCULATION FOR CHARON, SATELLITE DE PLUTO.

    Equatorial speed of PLUTO [ 140/1,000 ] [ diameter 1,200/1,000 ]/[
    Distancia 20 000/100 000 ]. = 0,14 1,2/0,5 = 3,1 quilometro for
    second.

    It gives to observe itself that as the planets go if moving away from
    the Sun, the orbit of its elementary schools also becomes slower,
    therefore satellites with the same diameter and the same distancia in
    relation the satellites distant planets, these diminish its dynamics
    gradually and magnify the irregularities in the eccentricity and the
    inclinations. With this it is only had to more still confirm the
    theory of the energeticidade and maser.

    Of that the planets most distant had been the first ones to be
    produced, and had produced its satellites first, with this they
    possess little energy, therefore they had had more time spending and
    processing the energy. E this full runs away any relation with effect
    from gravitation. E goes of meeting to supported here for the theory
    of the energeticidade and the maser. Of that the energy and the time
    of processing of this energy determine the life, the processes,
    thermal structure, orbit, activities, sismos, energy, magnetism,
    tectônica activity, maser, tectônica activity, orbit, dynamics and
    atmosphere.

    In this form of calculation to meet the translation of the secondary
    one for the equatorial speed of the elementary school, it is Express
    that in agreement the diameter also diminishes the energy is lesser,
    decreases the maser. Also it decreases and the tectônicas activities
    and the atmosphere it folloies the decrease, the rotation of the
    elementary school diminishes decreasing its equatorial speed, with
    this sees that as the diameter decreases, diminishes the translation
    of the secondary one, for that the more distant minors and possess
    lesser dynamic.

    UNIVERSE OF CONSTRUCTION And DESCONSTRUÇÃO.

    The universe is a constant process of construction and
    desconstrução, and some universes if they find in phase of decrease
    of energy and its phenomena, that is the case of ours. Comment

    The results found for the calculation of translation for the
    equatorial speed and its proximity with the exactness alone come to
    confirm the action of the equatorial speed produced by the energy and
    maser in the production of the translation and orbit of the secondary
    one in the space. E that the satellites of the planets most distant,
    with the same distancia in relation to other satellites, and that of
    the distant planets they develop dynamic little. This if also confirms
    in the removal and the rotation of the satellites. E its orbits are
    most irregular for the removal and the diameter.

    It is good for knowing that use fancy of values of densities of astros
    not to arrive the results that do not come to beat with the formula,
    as he is used in the theory of the gravitation.

    It is confirmed exactly that the rings and the atmospheres also
    possess translation, with this before existing as sphere, therefore
    astro as filament already develops its translation.

    PRINCIPLE Of EQUIVALENCE.

    It has a skip of values of diameter between Saturn satellites, and
    this skip if it repeats enters the distancias of the same satellites.
    That it is between Réia and Titã, and JAPET and Hipérion all of
    Saturn, and this difference is of three times for the diâmetros and
    the phenomena of the satellites. Also with the removal.

    This difference if also makes gift between the distancia and diameter
    of Titânia and Umbriel Uranus satellites. As already it was seen this
    skip equivalent also is present between Jupiter and Mars. E as already
    was seen this skip if it must the energy that astro produced more and
    the time that the same led to distanciar themselves of the next
    neighbor who is in formation.

    The skip, or better, the time of production of astro with the time of
    acceleration for the upgrade of energy registered for the difference
    of the diameter, determines a skip in the removal and all the other
    phenomena, orbit and structure.

    It is equivalence of skips also goes to be present in the removal,
    translation, revolution, rotational and translacional rotation,
    inclinations, eccentricity, achatamento of the sphere of astro, and
    other phenomena, variations of structure and irregularities,
    temperature, tectônica activity, rings and atmosphere, and all the
    other structural and orbital phenomena and formations.

    This skip equivalent proves all the phenomena displayed until here,
    developed and displayed for the theory of the estruturante fluxonário
    universe and for the theory of the energeticidade and maser.

    The streams also follow and vary as vary these skips.

    The BIRTH Of the TRANSLATION.

    The energy produces the maser, the maser produces the rotation, the
    atmosphere, rings, and astros that if they form and that they are
    parts of the elementary schools, and as part of the elementary school
    what we have translation notion is in the truth still part of the
    rotation of the elementary school. More only moved away than this
    secondary one it goes to produce its rotation and its proper
    translation. Exactly before being sphere astro already possesss
    translation and rotation.

    We see in Mercury that the same possesss great translation and little
    rotation, why it still is part of the Sun and its rotation and
    equatorial speed. The same Jupiter satellite happens with the first
    Amaltéia, and with first Janus Saturn satellite.

    To if distanciar all they will produce its proper rotation and
    translation, leaving the elementary school and producing its proper
    orbit.

    This confirms because exactly producing its dynamics and removal the
    satellite folloies its planet, and this in turn the Sun.

    However comets exist that produce orbits without following its
    elementary school.

    Translation of astro if initiates still as atmosphere, later filaments
    of atmosphere that is the case of Jupiter rings, later as rings that
    are the case of Saturn and Uranus, and finally as sphere.

    ON the ORIGIN Of the ROTATION.

    When still new the rotation still is if initiating, for that all the
    astros next to its elementary schools possess little rotation, this if
    it confirms of the planets to the satellites.

    The same it happens with the removal of the elementary school.
    Therefore the energy is in agreement that astro acquired during the
    formation that the same will develop all its dynamics, orbit,
    phenomena and physical and chemical structure. E chemical processings.

    CALCULATION FOR ECCENTRICITY OF THE SATURN SATELLITES.

    Considering the diameter and the removal, one confirms that the next
    greaters and possess little eccentricity, and vice versa.

    The same it is succeeded with the orbital inclination and of rotation.

    It follows thus, the principle of the stability and circularidade for
    the energy production. The diameter in quilometro and not in relation
    to the Land.

    JANUS – 0,2/diameter/100 progression retroceding of 10 until one as
    the number of the satellites.

    JANUS – 0,2/3 10 = 0,038 MINES – 0,2/4 9 = 0,038 ENCÉLADO- 0,2/ 6 8 =
    0,035 TÉTIS – 0,2 /10 7 = 0,03 DIONÉIA – 0,2/8 6 = 0,035 RÉIA –
    0,2/ 16 5 = 0,023 TITÃ – 0,2/58 4 = 0,008 HIPÉRION – 0,2/4 3 = 0,07
    JAPET – 0,2/16 2=0.028 FEBE – 0,2/2,4 1=0.147

    This calculation if approaches to the reality and is accurate
    for the majority of the Saturn satellites.

    Here one confirms that the more distant and lesser, bigger it is the
    eccentricity of astro.

    E as Jupiter, titã for being immense and same being distant, possesss
    a minimum eccentricity.

    CALCULATION FOR REMOVAL OF SATELLITES. EQUIVALENCE OF DIFFERENCE
    BETWEEN DIAMETER And REMOVAL.

    FEBE the JAPET – diameter 16 of febe, divided for the diameter of
    Japet 2,4, is equal the six times – that is come close to the removal
    between the two.

    Between Japet and Hipérion = diameter of Japet 16 divided by the
    diameter of Hipérion four, = the ratio of the difference of the
    removal if approaches to two.

    Between Titã and Réia – titã possesss a 58 diameter of quilometro,
    and Réia is 16, 58/16 = 3, then the ratio of the distancia if
    approaches to three.

    Between RÉIA and DIONÉIA – the diameter of Réia is 16 kilometers
    and dionéia he is eight, dividing 16 for eight, then the ratio of the
    removal between the two if approaches to two.

    For the others, the ratio between the diâmetros diminishes for less
    of the one than two, then the ratio also enters the removal beats for
    less of the one than two.

    The same it happens enters the URANUS satellites, where all possess a
    ratio of diameter below of two, and all possess a ratio of removal
    below of two, however between Titânia and umbriel the ratio of the
    diameter arrives next to two, where also the ratio of the removal
    arrives next to two.

    The same planets happen with other satellites of other, and between
    planets, this difference of removal for diameter, that in the truth is
    the processed energy that moves away astro, if has with clarity
    BETWEEN JUPITER and MARS.

    This difference folloies for all the phenomena, variation of
    structure, disintegration, intensity of phenomena, dynamics and orbit.

    With this if test that the astros are in removal produced for the
    energy and maser.

    E that the theory of the gravitation used the distancia, but did not
    obtain to calculate it. However I calculated here in such a way for
    planets, how much for satellites. E was not necessary to make use of
    the distancia as constant to meet the dynamics, orbit and other
    phenomena and structures of the astros.

    This confirms that the astros if move away for the energy, and they
    are not attracted by the gravitation.

    E that the ratio of the distancia is bigger enters most distant, this
    if confirms between Tritão and Nereida, and Japet and Fege.

    CALCULATION FOR INCLINATION OF THE SATURN SATELLITES

    With the diameter in kilometers divided by 100, with the
    progression of 1 the 10 for the respective satellites, divided of the
    result of the diameter.

    JANUS -1/3 = 0,3 MIMAS – 2/ 4 = 05 ENCÉLADO – 3/ 6 = 05 TÉTIS – 4/
    10=04 DIONÉIA – 5/ 8=0.62 RÉIA – 6/ 16=0.37 TITÃ – 7/ 58=0.12
    HIPÉRION – 8/ 4 = 2 JAPET – 9/16=0.5 FEBE – 10/ 2.4=4.1

    It is confirmed for this calculation that the inclination is
    increasing with the removal, and that the greaters and with more
    energy if processing the inclination are lesser.

    IRREGULARITIES WITH the DECREASE OF ENERGY PRODUCTION.

    , thus more distant they possess little energy, therefore already he
    had more time processing and spending the energy, and the minors
    possess little energy for being its lesser structure. With this the
    instability is bigger, taking astro in these conditions to develop
    great eccentricities, great orbital and rotational inclinations, and
    some even with retrograde movements, that are moved away and lesser
    and unstablest.

    This form of calculation with the diameter representing the energy can
    be for all the planets, satellites, comets and asteroids. Of the
    diameter the rotation can be found, of the rotation the equatorial
    speed, the equatorial speed the translation, inclination,
    eccentricity, and all the other phenomena. Or same it can directly be
    calculated.

    The energy is more practical to use the diameter representing,
    therefore the diameter can directly be calculated in proper astro.

    While in the theory of the gravitation the mass is calculated with the
    movement of astro in the space, and from there to find the movement,
    or either, the result is arranged, created for a measured phenomenon
    already. Therefore the mass is the addition of the diameter with the
    density, however if we do not know right nor the density of the Land
    or the Moon, as to know the density of distant astros.

    ON The MORE DISTANT MINORS And.

    The more distant minors and are most irregular, therefore they are the
    ones that possess minor amount of energy if processing.

    ON the ROTATION. The achatamento does not determine the rotation,
    therefore, astro that it has the lesser achatamento is Jupiter and
    produces the biggest rotation. To put rotation and achatamento is
    produced by the energy of astro, represented for diameter and removal.

    ON the PRINCIPLE Of the REMOVAL.

    Already one confirmed that the Land is diminishing its rotation in
    sixteen seconds for a million of years. This confirms the principle of
    the removal and the reduction of the dynamics.

    SATELLITES DE MARS.

    The achatamento of the Mars satellites is great for being minimum,
    then they had passed little time if forming.

    E with great achatamento possesss minimum rotation, what it confirms
    that the rotation if must the energy and maser of astro.

    PRINCIPLE OF THE RELACIONALIDADE.

    One confirms above for the displayed one that it has a direct relation
    between energy, diameter, maser, rotation, equatorial speed and
    translation between the astros and its secondary ones.

    ON the MOON.

    PARADÓXIDOS Of the MOON TO BE ANSWERED WITH the THEORY Of the
    ENERGETICIDADE And MASER.

    The moon is the new satellite of the solar system, why the Land
    already was formed of the sun when the same it met with little energy,
    for that it possesss little dynamics in relation to its diameter,
    exactly being produced for the Land. Therefore the planet Land alone
    is older of the one than Venus and Mercúrio.

    For that the moon possesss as many irregularities in its orbit and
    rotation in the space.

    With diameter of 3.470 kilometers, it only develops a translation of
    1.03 quilometro for second, and a rotation of 708 hours, or 29,6 days
    terrestrial.

    CALCULATION FOR TRANSLATION And ROTATION.

    Diameter of Jupiter in relation to the land 12 times, divided for the
    diameter of the land, 11/1 = 11 times the translation of Io, that is
    faster of the one than the moon, if compared that one meets
    approximately in the same distancia and approximately with the same
    diameter.

    The same it is compared enters the rotation of the two satellites.

    These numbers are not accurate, but the formula will be necessary can
    be approached.

    Compared with the Jupiter satellite the Io, it it approximately
    possesss the same distancia of the elementary school, and
    approximately the same diameter, confirms that Io produces a bigger
    translation 16,8 times of the one than the Moon. With this if it
    confirms that Jupiter produced Io with much more energy of that the
    Land produced the Moon and Io – Jupiter satellite possesss energy if
    not processing, with bigger temperature, sismos, magnetism and
    tectônica activity.

    With the rotation the same it is happened again, Io produces the
    rotation speed 16,8 times faster of the one than the Moon.

    For incredible that it seems the difference between rotation and
    translation she is minimum.

    The eccentricity varies of 0.0432 the 0,0667 of degrees, and an
    inclination of 5.0 the 5,08 degrees in the ecliptic. The ecliptic is
    the plan in relation to the sun.

    Io develops orbital inclination of 3 degrees and practically null
    eccentricity, thus confirming that the irregularity of the Moon is
    fruit of its condition of energy production, that the elementary
    school granted to it in its formation. This matching with Io is
    important why the data of the Moon, its irregularities are fruit of
    the energy production that formed it and that it processes.

    TO BE PROVEN WITH the THEORY PROPOSAL.

    It goes to be proven for this theory that the irregular Moon and its
    phenomena – great enigma of astronomy, that these irregularities are
    produced by the condition of energy production where if find, and as
    all astro with little time of existence and young is very irregular in
    its phenomena. It is what we will see ahead.

    ORBITS FLUXONÁRIAS.

    EVECÇÃO And the PRINCIPLE Of the EGG OF IRREGULAR HEN.

    The solar maser produces the evecção of the orbit of the moon.

    What it produces the evecção phenomenon is the variation of maser
    and energy of astro, and the moon for being next to the Sun, suffers
    more the action from the temperature and solar maser, for that its
    ellipse possesss a bigger variation of that other satellites.

    As also its inclination is bigger variation.

    Its removal, rotation and translation also possess great variation.

    STREAM And EVECÇÃO.

    The variation stream that is the evecção in the eccentricity varies
    of 0.0432 the 0,0667 degrees when the ellipse if finds strained, or
    either, up to fifty percent more of the eccentricity of the ellipse
    when strained.

    ON the EVECÇÃO – WHEN the LAND IF APPROACHES To the SUN.

    The evecção of the moon always is bigger when the Land if approaches
    to the sun, with this if it confirms that the annual inaqualities of
    the evecção are bigger when the Land if approaches to the Sun
    Therefore is not that the ellipse magnifies, but yes that during this
    period of approach the evecção is bigger. Or either, the solar
    thermal maser speeds up the energy of the moon and the stream also
    magnifies. This stream also happens with the land, however the
    variation is minimum.

    ON VARIATION OF DISTANCIAMENTO OF SATELLITES TO ITS PLANETS.

    The satellites accurately do not develop the same position directed to
    the center, as the planet as reference, or either, it has satellites
    that exactly inside of the ellipse it develops orbit with a side next
    to the center and the other most distant one. Or either, the majority
    of the elementary schools does not meet in the accurate center in
    relation to the orbit of its secondary ones. With this if it concludes
    that the energy develops the proper movement.

    Exactly with the eccentricity and the Inclination Pluto and Netuno
    they produce its orbit keeping always a removal for one of the sides
    of the ellipse. This if also confirms in the satellites Nereida,
    Charon and Febe with its respective planets. The comet of Halley and
    the Quíron asteroid also produce this removal for one of the sides in
    relation to the Sun. This distanciamento of one of the sides is bigger
    in the astros more moved away from the sun and its elementary schools.
    Or either, the irregularity magnifies with the distanciamento, size,
    production of energy and time of life.

    CONDITIONS FOR the VARIATION Of the EVECÇÃO.

    1-A evecção is bigger when the Land if finds next to the sun, in the
    perihelion. 2 it moon develops ellipse imperfect, when the moon if
    approaches to the Sun, in the new moon, it is sped up by the solar
    thermal maser, making with that this if approaches to a format of a
    hen egg, always with one of the parts pontuda, that the part less
    pontuda is next to the sun. Or either, one same orbit can start with
    0.432 degrees of arc and in the other tip to finish with 0.0667
    degrees. THIS ANSWERS THE FOUR COMPLICATIONS OF THE ORBIT OF THE MOON.

    The PRINCIPLE Of The HEN EGG, the ELLIPSE WITH ONE Of the EXTREMITIES
    MORE PONTUDAS.

    Why when the new moon always is next to the sun, with this it receives
    thermal energy solar, speeding up and magnifying its processes and
    production of energy.

    E when it leaves the new and if moves away and starts to be the
    increasing one, exactly with its magnified energy the gravitation of
    the sun attracts it and it pulls it for the center, being late its
    movement. E as the amount of energy

    it determines the circularidade of the orbit and dynamics of astro in
    the space, with the upgrade of energy in the pass of the new moon for
    the increasing one makes with that the moon closes its orbit,
    therefore the production and energy processes had had an upgrade.

    For that after the pass next to the sun the moon leaves with the
    closed orbit, that goes opening passing for the full one and in the
    declining room already if it finds well open, and enters open with
    39,5 degrees of shift arc in longitude. For this we have in the
    evecção I begin it of the egg. E this happens mainly with the moon
    for being the satellite next to the Sun.

    Thus, it is not the Sun that however strains the ellipse, and however
    it compresses it, but yes, the natural condition of energy of the moon
    in the production of its present orbit in the declining room. E
    influences it of the thermal energy of the sun that makes with the
    orbit comes to be compressed, therefore for the principle of the
    circularidade the ratio of that the energy magnifies circulates it of
    the orbit always tends more the perfection. Thus, with the condition
    of energy of the moon, with the temperature of the Sun it makes with
    that the moon has great irregularities in its orbit and dynamics.

    INCREASING DECELERATION IN THE INCREASING ROOM.

    The other point is the variation of the dynamics, therefore in the
    increasing room the same moon receiving the upgrade from the dynamics
    for the proximity with the solar thermal maser, when it enters in the
    increasing room that goes to leave the proximity of the sun, the moon
    starts to receive influences it of the solar gravitation, delaying and
    decelerating its output. It is deceleration is not uniform, is a
    deceleration that goes losing intensity. Soon it is an increasing
    deceleration.

    INCREASING ACCELERATION IN THE DECLINING ROOM. E when it arrives at
    the full moon already finds with its proper dynamics, when passing to
    the declining room it passes to be sped up, therefore the solar
    gravitation in this point starts to act, making with that the moon
    magnifies its dynamics in route to the sun. This acceleration is
    increasing.

    VARIATION Of the EVECÇÃO And the DYNAMICS. 1- Thus, we have an
    increasing deceleration in the increasing room. 2-Uma proper
    acceleration in the new and full moon. it is an increasing
    acceleration in route to the sun in the declining room.

    4- the ELLIPSE Of The HEN EGG ALSO Is not UNIFORM,

    Therefore the side that if it initiates in the increasing room
    is well closed, while the side that finishes and goes in route to the
    sun in the end of the declining room more is opened of the one than
    the side that if it initiates in the increasing one. Soon, exactly
    being oval the preciseest one in one of the extremities, one of the
    sides also is more closed of the one than the other.

    IN RELATION To The INCREASING ROOM the DYNAMICS IS DELAYED.

    Thus we have –

    Natural speed of the moon for its production of energy,
    deducted from the action of agent against principal of the gravitation
    of the sun, is equal to the deceleration of the moon in the increasing
    room.

    IN RELATION To The DECLINING ROOM the DYNAMICS INCREASING And IS SPED
    UP.

    Thus, we have.

    Natural speed of the moon for its production of energy, added of the
    favorable action of the gravitation of the sun, is equal to the
    acceleration of the moon in route to the sun in the declining room.

    ON the VARIATION Of the EVECÇÃO, OR the PRINCIPLE Of the EGG OF HEN
    DEFORMED IN ONE OF ITS EXTREMITIES.

    Deformation of the egg for inside.

    Thus we have.

    In the increasing room the natural energy of the moon is added with
    the thermal maser of the sun making with that the moon develops its
    orbit for inside. E the egg of hen with a achatamento for inside.

    Therefore the moon starts to still close its orbit when in the new
    moon phase, therefore it is the phase next to the sun, and if the
    circularidade is produced by the energy, then the more energy, more
    perfect the circularidade.

    Added natural energy with the solar energy is equal to the orbit of
    the moon for inside.

    VARIATION OF THE EQUATORIAL INCLINATION OF THE MOON.

    The moon possesss a variation of nine minutes of arc for more or for
    less, in its five degrees and nine minutes of average orbital
    inclination, this variation occurs in the period of 173,3 days. Being
    maximum of nine seconds for more when the string that passes for the
    nodes, also passes for the sun. Or either, nothing it has to have with
    action of gravitation, therefore it was had would have to happen in
    the period of the perihelion of the land, when the land if finds next
    to the sun, that is during the new moon. Therefore what it happens
    that the inclination is pra inside during the periods of the nodes in
    nine minutes. To put that is a constant process of dynamics that
    already is part of the nature of the irregular dynamics of the moon,
    produced for its condition of small production of energy.

    This variation of nine minutes had an origin that it started with the
    beginning of the orbit of the moon, that as the distancia moon if of
    the land, it widens its inclination, diminishing this variation with
    passing of the times and reduction the energy production. More the
    fronts summer that the astros pass for three phases.

    This happens in the eclipse nodes, or either, in the plan of orbit of
    the moon in relation to the ecliptic, therefore the moon if formed of
    the land, and started to develop its orbit from the alignment of the
    land with the sun, however as all astro, it moves away itself, he
    loses energy and dynamics, and he starts to magnify its inclination
    and eccentricity.

    In this it has a variation of nine minutes of arc for inside during
    the nodes, that occur to each 173,3 days. Or either, any relation with
    the dependence runs away full from the gravitation, therefore it
    confirms there that what determines this irregularity is the condition
    of the origin of astro and the energy production.

    Also it has a stream in the eccentricity, the removal and the
    inclination of rotation. If this was proceeding from the gravitation
    would occur during all perihelion of the land, when the land if found
    next to the sun, or same during the new moon.

    Soon, this phenomenon if must the condition of the origin of the moon,
    therefore it has six of each moon phase that goes if envergando until
    arriving at the time of the node, or either, half year of eclipse,
    that is 173,3 days, and is not year of 365 days as ours.

    Soon, that is all a process that if develops all during the time,
    stops at that time of eclipse node this comes to occur in its maximum.
    Or either, it goes if envergando slowly during 173,3 days, or either,
    this envergamento is occurring in each as that during the eclipse
    phase it is in the maximum position for inside.

    FORMULA TO CALCULATE The DAILY VARIATION Of the INCLINATION. 9/2 = 4,5
    4,5/86,65 = 0,05193 minutes of increasing arc, initiating in the
    eclipse node.

    E 0,05193 minute of decreasing arc, continuing and closing the arc
    until the eclipse node and to form all variation, and comes back to
    remake the variation. It is the time that the sun leads to pass of a
    node to another one, or either, half year of eclipse, that is the
    period of 173,3 days.

    The average is 5,9 degrees of orbital inclination.

    Later slowly it comes back if to open.

    This difference can be calculated with 4.5 minutes increasing
    initiating in the eclipse node that arrives until the half of 173,3
    days, or either, in each day it has an increasing fraction of the 4,5
    minutes up to 86,65 days, later starts to decrease in each day divided
    in fraction of the 4,5 minutes of arc.

    However, this stream this diminishing with the millions of years.

    The land and all the astros produce this stream of irregularities.

    DEFORMATION OF THE EGG FOR IS.

    In the declining room the moon continues some time, of the full one
    until the decadence far of the sun and a good time without receiving
    with more intensity the solar thermal maser, thus in little energy the
    moon opens its orbit, deforming it for it are, and the egg of hen with
    a lump for is.

    Natural energy, without upgrade of solar energy is equal to the orbit
    for is.

    ON the REMOVAL Of the MOON And the LAND, And ALL The OTHER ASTROS.

    The moon possesss a removal of the land of four centimeters per year,
    and this already was proven by comments in previous eclipses. This
    seems little, but if treating to thousand of years we see that the
    moon if moves away from the proportional land its production of
    energy, and it is not attracted by the gravitation.

    The AGE Of the MOON And the UNIVERSE. It has to also confirm that the
    moon is well older of the one than if thinks, if to take in
    consideration the time of relative removal the four seconds per year,
    and the esferificação time, then, the age of the moon, the land and
    the universe must be well older.

    The removal, the stream of orbit and the principle of the hen egg that
    is the evecção all the other astros also produce, that in scale only
    lesser, therefore they are very far of the sun.

    EXCRESCÊNCIAS OF POSITION Of the LAND IN RELATION To the MOON, And
    INSTABILITY OF ORBIT Of the MOON IN RELATION the LAND.

    Why a side of the land is next to the moon of the one that the other
    side, therefore the moon as it will be seen ahead originated from the
    land and if it moves away, and as already was seen the origin of astro
    if it initiates in the phase of gases and atmosphere until filaments,
    esferificando and forming astro secondary. Thus for being the land and
    to always keep a side next to the equator next to the moon if it must
    its formation and initial phase. As already it was displayed by the
    theory of the energeticidade and maser of that all astro very young
    tends the irregularities, and is irregularity not alone of the land,
    but yes of its secondary one, that it was formed and in the beginning
    of its translation if located of side of the elementary school.

    This excrescência not if must the calls tides of the land, but yes
    the proper moon that if located of side of the planet land, its
    elementary school, during its process of formation, that started of
    the maser, atmosphere, atmosphere filaments until rings, later reels
    of atmosphere layers, until the phase of sphere.

    CONTRACTION OF ROTATION OF THE LAND FOR THE ENERGY PRODUCTION.

    As already it was seen and calculated that the rotation if must to the
    production of energy of proper astro, it confirms that the planet land
    is decelerating its rotation in sixteen seconds in each million of
    years. Therefore this phenomenon and variation if must to the
    consumption of energy of the production of the same one, and not it
    tides and effect Land-moon, much less if must to the effect of the
    gravitation.

    SECULAR ACCELERATION OF THE MOON.

    The secular acceleration of the moon is in the truth the gradual
    removal of the moon in relation t

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